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Solan is the district headquarters of Solan district (created on 1 September 1972) in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. The largest Municipal Council of Himachal Pradesh, it is located 46 kilometres (29 mi) south of the state capital, Shimla. At an average elevation of 1,600 metres (5,200 ft).[1] The place is named after the Hindu goddess Shoolini devi. Every year in the month of June, a fair celebrating the goddess is held, featuring a 3-day mela at the central Thodo grounds. Solan was the capital of the erstwhile princely state, Bhagat.[2] It is known as the "Mushroom city of India" because of the vast mushroom farming in the area as well as the Directorate of Mushroom Research (DMR) situated at Chambaghat. Solan is crowned as the "City of Red Gold", in reference to the bulk production of tomatoes in the area.[1] The town is situated between Chandigarh (joint capital of Punjab and Harayana) and Shimla (state capital), on the Kalka-Shimla National Highway-22. The Kalka-Shimla narrow gauge heritage railway line, built by the British passes through Solan and is a recognised World Heritage site.


Altitude:1350 meters.
Area:1936 sq km.
Clothing: Cotton clothes in Summer and light woolen to woolen in winter..
Language: Hindi, Punjabi, English are understood and spoken by the people.


Rail: The nearest broad gauge railway station is at Kalka and nearest narrow gauge railway station is at Solan, which are connected by regular bus services.

Road: Solan is approachable by road from Shimla and Chandigarh.

Distances from Solan

Places to visit Km Places to visit Km
Barog 07 Chail 110
Kiarighat 90 Kasauli 10
Arki 23 Subathu 05
Rajgarh 145 Parwanoo 05

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